Black apostolic dating
This chronological list of popes corresponds to that given in the Annuario Pontificio under the heading "I Sommi Pontefici Romani" (The Supreme Pontiffs of Rome), excluding those that are explicitly indicated as antipopes.
Published every year by the Roman Curia, the Annuario Pontificio attaches no consecutive numbers to the popes, stating that it is impossible to decide which side represented at various times the legitimate succession, in particular regarding Pope Leo VIII, Pope Benedict V and some mid-11th-century popes.
On the other hand this sense undoubtedly occurs more than once in the Muratorian Fragment (c. The one clear idea underlying all is orthodox as opposed to heretical, and Kattenbusch does not hesitate to admit that in Cyprian we first see how Catholic and Roman came eventually to be regarded as interchangeable terms. Harnack, Dogmengeschichte, II, 149-168.) Moreover it should be noted that the word Catholica was sometimes used substantively as the equivalent of ecclesia Catholica. 26): "And if ever thou art sojourning in any city, inquire not simply where the Lord's house is--for the sects of the profane also attempt to call their own dens, houses of the Lord--nor merely where the church is, but where is the Catholic Church.
180), where, for example, it is said of certain heretical writings that they "cannot be received in the Catholic Church ". An example is to be found in the Muratorian Fragment, another seemingly in Tertullian (De Praescrip, xxx), and many more appear at a later date, particularly among African Writers. For this is the peculiar name of the holy body the mother of us all." On the other hand when discussing the word Catholic, which already appears in his form of the baptismal creed, St. 23) "Now it [the Church ] is called Catholic because it is throughout the world, from one end of the earth to the other." But we shall have occasion to quote this passage more at length later on.
For Palmarian popes, see Palmarian Catholic Church § Popes.
For a graphical representation of this list, see List of Popes (graphical).
For popes of the Coptic Orthodox Church, see List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria.
For popes of the Legio Maria, see List of Legio Maria Popes.
i ad Sempron.) writes, about 370: "Christianus mihi nonem est, catholicus cognomen", and it is noteworthy that in various early Latin expositions of the Creed, notably that of Nicetas of Remesiana, which dates from about 375 (ed. lxx), the word Catholic in the Creed, though undoubtedly coupled at that date with the words Holy Church, suggests no special comment. The title, for instance, of his longest work is "On the Unity of the Catholic Church ", and we frequently meet in his writings such phrases as catholica fides (Ep. It was their conception of Church discipline and organization which was faulty. Augustine insists upon the consensus of Christians in the use of the name Catholic.Also revered as saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 29 June. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 November. Combated against the adoptionist heresies of the followers of Theodotus the Byzantium who were ruled by Theodotus, the Money Changer and Asclepiodotus. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 2 January. There is some reason to believe he founded two churches in the area of Rome. Convinced Attila the Hun to turn back his invasion of Italy. Elected on the same day as Symachus, King Theodoric settled in favor of his adversary. The first formally to employ the titles Servus servorum Dei and Pontifex Maximus. He wanted to correct what in his time was believed to be an error in the counting of his predecessors John XV to XIXItalian. Although not physically martyred (murdered), he is called a martyr for the suffering he endured. One of them is still known to this day as the Church of San Marco, although it is greatly changed since his time. Patron of Jerome, commissioned the Vulgate translation of the Bible. First pope to be the official head of the church after the Emperor Gratian abdicates the title of "Pontifex Maximus". His famous letters—the earliest surviving texts of papal decretals—focus particularly on religious discipline and include decisions on baptism, consecration, ordination, penance, and continence. Elected on the eve of the election of Boniface, first benefited from the support of the emperor Honorius, but lost it quickly. Wrote the Tome which was instrumental in the Council of Chalcedon and in defining the hypostatic union. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 18 February. Took control of Rome in 501 and remained pope in fact until 506/08, year of his death. The 2001 edition of the Annuario Pontificio introduced "almost 200 corrections to its existing biographies of the popes, from St Peter to John Paul II".The corrections concerned dates, especially in the first two centuries, birthplaces and the family name of one pope.
The word seems in this usage to be opposed to merikos (partial) or idios (particular), and one familiar example of this conception still survives in the ancient phrase "Catholic Epistles" as applied to those of St. Jude, etc., which were so called as being addressed not to particular local communities, but to the Church at large.