Dating delft netherlands
The feudal conflict of the Middle Ages heavily affected Utrecht.
The prince-bishopric was involved in almost continuous conflicts with the Counts of Holland and the Dukes of Guelders.
By that time, however, the age of the great cathedrals had come to an end and declining finances prevented the ambitious project from being finished, the construction of the central nave being suspended before the planned flying buttresses could be finished.
Besides these buildings which belonged to the bishopric, an additional four parish churches were constructed in the city: the Jacobikerk (dedicated to Saint James), founded in the 11th century, with the current Gothic church dating back to the 14th century; Its location on the banks of the river Rhine allowed Utrecht to become an important trade centre in the Northern Netherlands.
The archbishops of Utrecht were based at the uneasy northern border of the Carolingian Empire.
Around 275 the Romans could no longer maintain the northern border and Utrecht was abandoned. Utrecht is first spoken of again several centuries after the Romans left.
Under the influence of the growing realms of the Franks, during Dagobert I's reign in the 7th century, a church was built within the walls of the Roman fortress.
In Roman times, the name of the Utrecht fortress was simply Traiectum, denoting its location at a possible Rhine crossing.
Traiectum became Dutch Trecht; with the U from Old Dutch "uut" (downriver) added to distinguish U-trecht from Maas-tricht.
The choir and transept were finished from 1320 and were followed then by the ambitious Dom tower.